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Who's who in Indonesia


Constitutional Court

Brief Profiles

The Constitutional Court (Mahkamah Konstitusi / MK) is the result of the implementation of a constitution amendment passed by the People’s Consultative Assembly in 2001, as embodied in Articles 24 (2) and 24C of the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia. The main task of the Court is to uphold the Constitution, which is done by granting the Court the authority to carry out Judicial Reviews of laws against the Constitution and to preside over disputes concerning public elections. Normally the Court consists of 8 Judges and 1 Chief Justice. 

The Court has presided over a numbers of controversial cases that have had a substantial impact the nation’s history, such as its decision that the Attorney General cannot ban books without going through the proper judicial process before the courts, and, more controversially, upholding the Anti-Blasphemy and Anti-Pornography laws. In addition, the decisions regarding Bibit and Chandra as the Heads of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) were one of the most highlighted cases in 2009, resulting in the Court making several controversial decisions, which include: the decision to play, during a hearing, a recording of a telephone conversation regarding Anggodo’s plan to frame the Heads of the KPK by involving the names of several judiciary and state officials; the decision to dismiss, on standing grounds, the challenge to the Presidential Decree in Lieu of Law that allowed the President to appoint replacement commissioners; and the decision to overturn a provision of the KPK Law that called for the dismissal of commissioners upon them being charged with a criminal offence, due to this being a violation of the presumption of innocence.
 
Akil Mochtar
Chief Justice
Akil Mochtar (born on 18 October 1960 in Putussibau, West Kalimantan) is a former lawyer and politician.
He holds a Bachelors from the Faculty of Law at Panca Bhakti University, Pontianak, West Kalimantan, and a Masters as well as a Doctorate of Law from Padjadjaran University, Bandung, West Java.
Akil Mochtar has previously served as a member of the House of Representatives (DPR), as part of the Golkar faction (1999-2009). Prior to this he practiced as a lawyer (1984-1999). He has also served as the Chairman of numerous organizations, and, during his time at the DPR has sat on, and chaired, a number of commissions, including serving as the Chairman of House Commission III overseeing legal affairs.
He replaces Mohammad Mahfud, who was famous for his outspoken character and a number of notable decisions that have overturned several laws issued by the House of Representatives.
 
Achmad Sodiki
Vice Chairman
Achmad Sodiki (born on 11 November 1944 in Blitar, East Java) is a legal scholar who has had a lengthy career as a lecturer. He was elected as Vice Chairman for the 2010-2013 period following a competitive selection process, replacing Mukhtie Fajar.
He holds a Bachelors in Law from Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java, (1970), a degree in Constitutional Law (1978) and a Doctorate of Legal Sciences (1994) from Airlangga University, Surabaya, East Java.
Achmad Sodiki was previously a Professor of Law at Brawijaya University, Malang, East Java, focusing on Agrarian Law, Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory. He has also served as a member of several educational organizations and as a member of the Constitutional Commission (2004) and as Chairman of the Joint Centre for Agrarian Studies (2008). As well as holding the position of Rector at the Islamic University of Malang, East Java (1998-2006).
 
Harjono
Harjono (born on 31 March 1948 in Nganjuk, East Java) is an academic who has had a lengthy career as a lecturer at a number of universities.
He holds a Bachelors from the Faculty of Law at Airlangga University, Surabaya, East Java (1977), a Masters in Comparative Law from the Southern Methodist University School of Law, Dallas, USA (1981), and a Doctorate in Legal Sciences from Airlangga University, Surabaya, East Java (1994).
Harjono has served as a lecturer at several universities, including the Islamic University of Indonesia (UII), Yogyakarta, as well as a number of others. He has also served as the Dean of the Faculty of Law of Bangkalan Madura University, East Java. He is a member of several organizations involved with teaching, legal reform, and the design of legislation.
 
Maria Farida Indrati
Maria Farida Indrati (born on 14 June 1949 in Solo, Central Java) is a legal scholar with substantial experience in legislative drafting.
She completed her Graduate studies in 1975, later receiving a Notary degree (1982), a Masters (1997) as well as a Doctorate (2002) from University Indonesia.
Maria Farida Indrati has worked as a Lecturer at a number of Indonesian universities, and is currently a Professor of Law at University Indonesia. She is also a member of a number of Indonesian organizations involved in legislative drafting and constitutional matters. And is a member of the board of advisors for the International Consortium on Law and Development (ICLAD).
 
Muhammad Alim
Muhammad Alim (born on 21 April 1945 in Palopo, South Sulawesi) is a career judge. He became a Judge at the Constitutional Court on 26 June 2008.
He holds a Bachelors of International Law from Hasanuddin University, South Sulawesi (1974), and a Masters (2001) as well as a Doctorate (2007) from the Department of Constitutional Law at Indonesian Islamic University (UII).
Muhammad Alim began his career as a State’s Official at the High Court of Ujung Pandang, South Sulawesi (1975). He was then appointed as a Judge at the Court of Sinjai, South Sulawesi (1980). Later he served in District Court in Poso, Serui, Wamena, Surabaya, High Court of Jambi, DKI Jakarta, and Kendal, where he served as a Vice Chairman. Prior to his appointment to the Constitutional Court he served as a Chief Justice of High Court of Timor - Timor.
 
Ahmad Fadlil Sumadi
Ahmad Fadlil Sumadi (born on 22 August 1952 in Kendal, Central Java) is has a strong background in Islamic Law, stemming both from his academic background, and from having served as a Justice in several Religious Courts. He became a Judge at the Constitutional Court in 2010.
He holds a Bachelor of Sharia from Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Semarang, Central Java (1976), a Masters in Islamic Law from the University of Indonesia, Yogyakarta (1996). And is in the process of working on a Doctorate in Constitutional Law at Diponegoro University, Semarang, Central Java (2008-present).
Ahmad Fadlil Sumadi has served as a Justice of the Religious High Court, Jakarta and as the Secretary for the Vice Chairman of the Supreme Court (2001-2003). He then worked as a Clerk at the Constitutional Court (2003-2008). And, prior to joining the Constitutional Court as a Justice, served as a Vice Chairman of the Religious High Court of Yogyakarta (2008-2009).
 
Hamdan Zoelva
Hamdan Zoelva (born on 21 June 1962 in Kota Bima, West Nusa Tenggara) is a legal professional who has had a lengthy career in commercial litigation and corporate law, with substantial experience in capital markets.
He holds a Bachelors of Law from the Department of International Law at the Hasanuddin University, Makassar (1986), a Masters of Law in Criminal Law from Padjadjaran University, Bandung, (2004), and is in the process of working on a Masters of Law in Business Law at the Pelita Harapan University, Jakarta.
Hamdan Zoelva began his career as a Lecturer at the Faculty of Law at Hasanuddin University (1986-1987). He later worked as an Assistant Attorney and a Legal Consultant at OC Kaligis & Associates, before being admitted to the bar in 1989. He then joined in founding SPJH & J (Sri Haryanti Akadijati, Poltak Hutajulu, Juniver Girsang, Hamdan Zoelva & Januardi S. Haribowo SH) (1990-1997). And later served as the founding and managing partner of Hamdan, Sudjana, Januardi & Patners (HSJ & Partners) (1997-2004)
 
Anwar Usman
Anwar Usman (born on 31 December 1956 in Bima) is a Constitutional Court Judge who replaced Arsyad Sanusi, who had resigned on 2 March 2011, assuming his position on 6 April 2011.
He holds a Bachelor degree in Law from the Faculty of Law at the Islamic University of Jakarta (1984), a Masters of Law from Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Hukum (STIH) “IBLAM” of Jakarta (2001), and a Doctorate from the School of Policy Studies at the Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta (2010).
Anwar Usman began his carrier as a Judge at the Atambua District Court (1986-1991), then moving to the Lumajang District Court (1991-1997). He was appointed as a Judicial Judge/Registrar of the Supreme Court, and later served as Judicial Judge with a duty as the Head of the Supreme Court Personnel Bureau (2003-2005). After that he was promoted to the position of a Judge at the Jakarta High Court with same duty as at the Supreme Court Personnel Bureau (2005-2006). Ultimately, he had served as a Judge at the Jakarta High Court with a duty as the Head of Research and Development, Education and Training, and Legal and Judicial Bureau of the Supreme Court (Badan Litbang Diklat Kumdil MA) (2006 – April 2011).
 

[Last update: 2013-04-05 10:27:02]

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